4 AIRBAGS OR 6 AIRBAGS? DIESEL OR GASOLINE? MANUAL OR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION? 2WD OR 4WD? 15 MPG OR 30 MPG?
If you ever thought these were the criteria to select a car, you have to think again.
Yes! You read that true!
Heard of EVs, HEVs, PHEVs, FCEVs? These are the range of Electric vehicles coming into the market as the Automotive Industry is rapidly undergoing changes to satisfy the emission norms and looking towards a greener tomorrow.
Are you looking for the best among these?
Then you are at the right site! All of the above has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)Â
Battery EVs run completely with On-Board batteries. They run purely on an electric motor and controls. The battery can be charged by plugging into external electric sources. Some of the BEVs include Nissan Leaf, Tesla Model S and Model X. Both the Model S and X are available with Regenerative Braking and All-Wheel Drives (Electric Motors on both axles). Even though they provide zero emissions, they provide only relatively shorter driving ranges. The SLS AMG Electric Drive provides 160 mph. But Tesla is redefining the ranges with both the models capable of providing 250+ mph according to EPA.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Conventional and Plug-in Hybrid EVs)
The Hybrid EVs are equipped with both gasoline/diesel engine and electric motor for power generation. Based on the type of drive train employed, they are classified into parallel-hybrid and series-hybrid.
Plugging-in to recharge batteries is not possible in conventional hybrids.Â Instead, the heat generated during braking is used to charge the batteries. Charging of Plug-in hybrid EVs can be doneÂ by plugging into electric outlets. As a result, energy savings are higher in Plug-in EVs. The BMW i8 is a plug-in hybrid sports car.
Fuel-Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)
Unlike BEVs, the FCEVs donâ€™t recharge batteries. Instead the fuel-cells in FCEVs produce electricity. Electricity produced through reaction between Hydrogen stored in a gas tank and oxygen powers the electric motor. Some of the environmentally friendly, hydrogen powered production cars include the CUV Hyundai Tucson and the Toyota Mirai. This FCEV technology has a long way to go but according to researchers, FCEVs are the future of electric vehicles as emissions include only water. Expectations of advancements in fuel-cell technology provide hope for fuel-cell vehicles.